How Lenders Decide What to Give You

How Lenders Determine Your Borrowing Ability 

If you are thinking about buying a home, one of the first things you should do is go to a lender to get pre-approved. This will determine how much money you can borrow on a mortgage. This will also help you filter your home search by sale price, which will narrow your choices within your financing range. Lenders evaluate your borrowing ability by looking at credit, capacity, and collateral. mortgages

Credit or FICO Score: The first item a lender will review is your credit profile, also known as your credit score or FICO score. This is where all the decisions you’ve made in the past regarding will be reflected, such as: how much debt you have outstanding, how much debt you have outstanding as a percentage of open credit accounts, how much debt you have in the different types of credit accounts (credit cards, car loans, school loans, etc.), and how well you’ve paid your bills over the years. Lenders used to allow much lower credit scores for borrowing purposes, but they’ve gone up the past few years. The lower your score, the higher your interest rate and points on your mortgage loan. images

Capacity or Income: If you pass the FICO score test and the lender says you are creditworthy, the next item you will be evaluated for is capacity, which means that based on the lender’s allowed maximum percentage debt to your gross income, minus all of your other debt payments, how much do you have available for a housing payment?

Collateral or the Property: If you’ve got the credit, and the capacity, you only need one more piece and that’s the collateral. This is the easiest part. You will pay the bank and they will order an independent appraiser to determine a market value of the property.

Here is a useful article to better clarify How Lenders Decide Whether to Give You Credit, and a video to watch for What to Do When the Mortgage is Denied

1 thought on “How Lenders Decide What to Give You

  1. One thing that’s worth adding is that if you have a very long, and good credit history but no collateral such as stock, bonds, etc. you can still likely get a loan. Usually, if a person’s credit is not too great they’ll want to see a lot of collateral in the bank so that they can use that if the lender defaults. Great article.

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